Gender Pay Gap
The difference between the average gross earnings of female and male employees is known as the 'gender pay gap'.
In the EU, the gender pay gap is shown as a percentage of men's hourly earnings and, as it does not take into account all of the factors that contribute to the gap, such as differences in education, labour market experience, hours worked, type of job, etc., is referred to officially as the 'unadjusted gender pay gap'.
In 2007, the gender pay gap in Ireland was 17.3 per cent. According to the latest figures published by Eurostat, in 2014 the gender pay gap in Ireland was 13.9 per cent while the gender pay gap across the EU overall was 16.7 per cent. For an explanation of how this is calculated, see Eurostat’s guide to gender pay gap statistics.
Actions taken to reduce the gender pay gap
Programme for a Partnership Government
The current Programme for Government includes commitments in respect of measures to reduce the gender pay gap, inclusive of increasing investment in childcare, reviewing the lower pay of women, gender inequality for senior appointments and seeking to promote wage transparency by requiring companies of 50 or more to complete a wage survey.
European Equal Pay Day
The first European Equal Pay Day was held on 5th March 2011 to highlight the issues surrounding the persistent gender pay gap. This date was chosen to mark the number of extra days (64) women in Europe must work during 2011 to match the amount of money earned by men in 2010. As part of the initiative, an online gender pay gap calculator was launched to help employers and employees to visualise the pay gap.
European Equal Pay Day is held each year with the date changing in line with the current GPG figure.